Educational acronyms can be quite challenging when we don’t know what they mean. We're here to help! Below are some common acronyms and terms used in schools and a brief explanation for many of them to help you become more knowledgable about education termonology.
ADM – Average Daily Membership. The number of days a student is in membership at a school divided by the number of days in a school month or school year.
AP – Advanced Placement. A program that enables high school students to complete college-level courses for college placement and/or credit. https://apstudent.collegeboard.org/home
AR – Accelerated Reader. Software for primary and secondary schools used for monitoring the practice of reading. It was created by Renaissance Learning, Inc.
AYP – Adequate Yearly Progress. The measure by which schools, districts, and states are held accountable for student performance under Title I of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB), the current version of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act.
CTE – Career and Technical Educationhttp://www.doe.in.gov/cte
DOJ – Department of Justicehttp://www.justice.gov
EDGAR – Education Department General Administrative Regulations
ELA – English Language Arts
Terms pertaining to students for whom English is not the first language
- ELL – English Language Learner. Student whose first language is one other than English and who needs language assistance to participate fully in the regular curriculum.
- ESL – English as a Second Language. A program model that delivers specialized instruction to students who are learning English as a new language.
- LEP – Limited English Proficient. Student whose first language is one other than English who needs language assistance to participate fully in the regular curriculum and the statewide assessment system.
ETS – Educational Testing Service. An assessment development and research organization. www.ets.og
FAFSA – Free Application for Federal Student Aid. All students interested in financial aid for college need to complete this form. https://fafsa.ed.gov
FERPA – Family Educational Rights and Privacy Act. A Federal law that protects the privacy of student education records and regulates the management of those student records and disclosure of information from those records. http://www2.ed.gov/ferpa
GATE – Gifted and Talented. National Society for Gifted and Talented http://www.nsgt.org
GPA – Grade Point Average
GE – General Education
IDOE – Indiana Department of Education
LEA – Local Education Agency. This usually refers to a school district or charter.
NCLB – No Child Left Behind. This national legislation reauthorized the Elementary and Secondary Education Act and has broad implications for the education of all children.
PBIS – Positive Behavior Intervention and Support. A way to impact school learning environments by establishing and reinforcing clear behavioral expectations in order to support high student performance and to reduce behavioral problems. PBIS site schools work to integrate their Safe Schools Plans, character education efforts and strategies, and discipline efforts in order to make the schools caring and safe communities for learning.
PBL – Project Based Learning. A teaching method in which students gain knowledge and skills by working for an extended period of time to investigate and respond to a complex question, problem, or challenge. http://bie.org
PD – Professional Development. The term refers to skills and knowledge attained for both personal development and career advancement such as continuous courses, workshops, activities and learning objectives aimed at helping professional educators and staff members improve their skills in their fields.
PLC – Professional Learning Communities. PLCs are defined by collaborative inquiry, shared decision-making and joint planning of instruction among teachers. Teachers are provided structured time to work together in planning instruction, observing each other's classrooms, and sharing feedback.
RTI – Response to Intervention. RTI is a multi-tiered framework that promotes school improvement through engaging, high quality instruction. Struggling learners are provided with interventions at increasing levels of intensity to accelerate their rate of learning. The three- tiered approach utilizes high quality classroom instruction, targeted interventions for small groups, and intensive individual interventions.
SIP – School Improvement Plan. A plan that includes strategies for improving student performance.
STEM – Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics. STEM curriculum emphasizes connections within and between the fields of mathematics and science, integrates technology, introduces and engages students in the engineering design process, cultivates creativity, and develops skills that drive innovation. https://www.istemnetwork.org
STEAM – Science, Technology, Engineering, Art, and Math. Same as above and includes the arts. http://stemtosteam.org
Title I. The largest federal education funding program for schools. Its aim is to help students who are behind academically or at risk of falling behind. School funding is based on the number of low-income children, generally those eligible for the free and reduced price lunch program.
Testing and Assessment Terms
ISTEP+ – Indiana Statewide Test of Educational Progress. The state of Indiana test required for students in public schools in grades 3-8, given each spring.
DIBELS – Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills. A set of procedures and measures for assessing the acquisition of early literacy skills from kindergarten through sixth grade.
ECA – End of Course Assessment. A state test given at the end of a specific course. Two course tests that students must pass to graduate are Algebra I and English 10.
GED – General Education Diploma. The General Educational Development (GED) Test is designed for people who, for various reasons, did not graduate from high school but want a certificate equivalent to the traditional high school diploma.
ISTAR – Indiana Standards Tool for Alternate Reporting. A state assessment for students with disabilities who are exempt from the ISTEP+ and ECA.
IREAD – Indiana Reading Evaluation and Determination. A 3rd grade reading assessment that is required by House Enrollment Act 1367.
LAS LINKS – Language Assessment Scales. The purpose of the English Language Proficiency assessment is to determine a student's level of English proficiency. It is used annually. (Links)
NAEP – National Assessment of Educational Progress. Also known as the “Nation’s Report Card,” NAEP assesses the educational achievement of elementary and secondary students in various subject areas nationwide.
PSAT – Preliminary Scholastic Aptitude Test. This normally taken by high school students as a practice test for the SAT. Some schools use the PSAT as a diagnostic tool to identify areas where students may need additional assistance or placement in more rigorous courses.
SAT – Scholastic Aptitude Test. The SAT is often taken by high school juniors and seniors as a precursor to college/university admission. It assesses a student’s verbal, mathematical and writing skills. http://sat.collegeboard.org/home
ACT – American College Test. An assessment taken by students as a precursor to college/university admission. http://www.act.org
Special Education Terms
See a detailed guide of terms at http://www.disabilityrights.org/glossary.htm
ADA – American with Disabilities Act http://www.ada.gov
IDEA – Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. This federal law, reauthorized in 2004, is designed to ensure that all children with disabilities have available to them a free and appropriate public education that emphasizes special education and related services designed to meet their unique needs and prepare them for further education, employment and independent living. http://idea.ed.gov
IEP – Individual Education Plan. A specific plan created for a child based on strengths and areas of focus. The IEP is required by federal law for all exceptional children and must include specific information about how the student will be served and what goals he or she should be meeting.
ADD or ADHD – Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
BIP – Behavior Intervention Plan
FAPE – Free Appropriate Public Education
FBA – Functional Behavioral Assessment
LD – Learning Disability
LRE – Least Restrictive Environment
OCD – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder
OCR – Office for Civil Rights. An agency of the federal government's executive branch within the Department of Education. It is charged with enforcing a number of civil rights statutes including Section 504.
OT – Occupational Therapy
SPED – Special Education
504 – Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973. A civil rights statute which prohibits discrimination against individuals with disabilities. A 504 plan is an individual education plan for a special-needs student.
Did you learn a new educational acronym while reading this blog? Know of one we missed? Share with us in the comments below! Help your peers to become more knowledgable as well by sharing this posting on social media using #AmGradIndy.